HOW IT IS MADE: Woven on a loom, as shown in the video, rather than being printed.
USES: This fabric is designed for sewing scarves; the thin white line separates the squares needed for scarf-making. They can be used as neck kerchiefs, resembling bandanas. Additionally, it's a versatile fabric suitable for various home decor projects, napkins, clothes, or any DIY crafts.
The square scarf, initially available in various colours, gained popularity in red with white and black stripes. Its youthful appearance led it to become a staple in the costumes of folk groups.
It originated in the 17th century as a handkerchief for snuff users, earning it the name "tabaqueiro" (related to tobacco).
In 1774, Alcobaça, Portugal, saw the establishment of the first factory for these scarves, also known as "O Alcobaça". Besides its tobacco-related use, it was tied around the neck for fieldwork, preventing dust entry. Adapted by folk groups, it endures as an authentic tradition.